The first record of Molineus patens (Dujardin, 1845) in foxes (Vulpes vulpes L.) in Serbia and the Western Balkans

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Ivan Pavlović
Pavle Gavrilović
Nemanja Zdravković
Slobodan Stanojević
Dragica Vojinović
Jasna Kureljušić


The red fox (Vulpes vulpes L.) has the widest global distribution among terrestrial carnivore species and is an important reservoir for a range of parasites. Investigations on parasitic fauna of red foxes have intensified in recent years in Serbia, resulting in the detection of some parasites that have not been recorded before. Within the Programme for the Control and Eradication of Rabies in Serbia, from January to March 2019, 52 legally hunted foxes were was established by standard methods, i.e. dissection followed by microscopic examination. Internal organs of the hunted animals were examined for the presence of parasites. Parasite identification was based on morphological characteristics. Parasites were found in 23 (44.23%) foxes. Eight species of parasites were established, among which, the nematode Molineus patens (Dujardin, 1845) was discovered in the small intestine of five foxes (9.61%). The intensity of M. patens infection varied from 17 to 43 parasites. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first record of M. patens in red foxes in Serbia and in the Western Balkans.


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Pavlović, I., Gavrilović, P., Zdravković, N., Stanojević, S., Vojinović, D., & Kureljušić, J. (2021). The first record of Molineus patens (Dujardin, 1845) in foxes (Vulpes vulpes L.) in Serbia and the Western Balkans. Veterinarski Glasnik, 75(1), 69-75.
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Nemanja Zdravković, Scientific Veterinary Institute of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia

Scientific Veterinary institute of Serbia


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