Lung adenocarcinoma as a cause of spontaneous pneumothorax in a cat

Main Article Content

Nenad Andric
Slađan Nešić
Nikola Krstić
Jelena Francuski Andrić

Abstract

A 15-year-old indoor/outdoor female, neutered, domestic European short haired cat was presented to our clinic with a history of neck-elongation and wheezing during inspiration/expiration. The first signs of respiratory disease occurred two weeks before the clinical presentation. After taking of clinical history, clinical examination and basic laboratory tests (complete blood count, blood smear, snap Feline Immunodeficiency Virus / Feline Leukemia Virus Combo test), a lung x-ray was performed showing the presence of left lung atelectasis and pneumothorax. The primary causes of lung atelectasis were not determined. Given that the general condition of the cat was very bad, she was put in an oxygen cage, thoracocentesis was performed, but the animal’s condition did not improve, and 24 hours after clinical presentation, the cat died. Autopsy revealed the presence of a tumor mass on the caudal lobe of the right lung, tumor formation in the area of trachea bifurcation and changes in the liver in the form of four round structures of different sizes. Histopathologically, the existence of primary undifferentiated lung adenocarcinoma with metastases on the liver and trachea was determined.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Andric, N., Nešić, S., Krstić, N., & Francuski Andrić, J. (2021). Lung adenocarcinoma as a cause of spontaneous pneumothorax in a cat. Veterinarski Glasnik, 75(1), 83-91. https://doi.org/10.2298/VETGL191227006A
Section
Case Report

References

D’Costa S., Yoon B.I., Kim D.Y., Motsinger-Reif A.A., Williams M., Kim Y. 2012. Morphologic and molecular analysis of 39 spontaneous feline pulmonary carcinomas. Vet Pathol, 49(6):971-978.

Debra T. L., Deborah C. S. 2014. Feline secondary spontaneous pneumothorax: a retrospective study of 16 cases (2000-2012). Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 24(3):316-325. https://doi.org/10.1111/vec.12150

Elisa M. M. 2001. Pneumothorax. In: Feline Internal Medicine Secrets, Michael R. Lappin, Edited by Hanley & Belfus, INC./ Philadelphia, pp. 61-65.

Elizabeth T., Chris G., Audra-Lynne T., Andrea M. H., Donna M., Richard M. 2017. Metastatic pulmonary carcinomas in cats (‘feline lung–digit syndrome’): further variations on a theme, JFMS Open Rep., 3(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F2055116917691069

Erin T. M., Elizabeth A. R., Ryan G. P. K., Claire R. S. 2012. Spontaneous pneumothorax in 35 cats (2001–2010). Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 14(6):384-391. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1098612X12439947

George M., Seyedhosein J., Mathias B., Muhammad S., Sina R., Silke S., Achim D. G., Leo B. 2017. Spontaner Pneumothorax bei der Katze: zwei Fallberichte und Literaturübersicht. Tierarztliche Praxis Ausg K, 45(04):273-279. DOI: 10.15654/TPK-150466

Hahn K. A., McEntee M. F. 1997. Primary lung tumors in cats: 86 cases (1979-1994). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 211(10):1257-1260.

Hahn K. A., McEntee M. F. 1998. Prognosis factors for survival in cats after removal of a primary lung tumor: 21 cases (1979-1994). Vet Surg, 27(4):307-311. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.1998.tb00132.x

Karl C. M., Eric R. S., Shawn C. K., Robert D., Catherine L., Matthew B., Phillip K. 2014. Outcome and prognostic indicators in 20 cats with surgically treated primary lung tumors. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 16 (12): 979-984. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1098612X14530121

Koblik P. D. 1986. Radiographic appearance of primary lung tumors in cats: a review of 41 cases. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 27:66-73. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-8261.1986.tb00005.x

Moore A. S., Middleton D. J. 1982. Pulmonary adenocarcinoma in three cats with non-respiratory signs only. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 23: 501-509. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-5827.1982.tb02509.x

Moulton J.E., von Tscharner C., Schneider R. 1981. Classification of lung carcinomas in the dog and cat. Veterinary Pathology, 18:513-528. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F030098588101800409

Nunley J., Sutton J., Culp W., Wilson D., Coleman K., Demianiuk R., Schechter A., Moore G., Donovan T., Schwartz P. 2015. Primary pulmonary neoplasia in cats: assessment of computed tomography findings and survival. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 56, (11): 651-656. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsap.12401

Owen L. N. 1981. TNM Classification of Tumours in Domestic Animals. World Health Organization, Veterinary Public Health Unit & WHO Collaborating Center for Comparative Oncology.

Stacie A., Jennifer A. R., Jean K. R., Ian D. J., Christopher R. L., Maria G. E., Michele A. K., Angela J. M. 2015. Computed tomographic findings in 57 cats with primary pulmonary neoplasia. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 56, (3): 272–277. https://doi.org/10.1111/vru.12240

Yoko M. A., Kelsey A. J., Morgan M., Amy F. S. 2018. Unusual invasion of primary pulmonary adenocarcinoma in a cat. JFMS Open Reports, 4 (2), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F2055116918810897

Most read articles by the same author(s)