Management of polycystic kidney disease by ultrasound-guided percutaneous aspiration in a cat

Main Article Content

Reza Azargoun
Seyed Mohammad Hashemi-Asl
Siamak Asri-Rezaei


A 5-year-old female Persian cat was presented with the owner’s complaint about lethargy, anorexia, and no defecation. Physical examination revealed relatively poor general health status. Also, marked azotemia was one of the prominent findings of clinical pathology. Abdominal ultrasound revealed smooth-walled anechoic cysts in both kidneys, characteristic of feline polycystic kidney disease. Three weeks after the initiation of supportive therapy, percutaneous aspiration of large cysts was performed under the guidance of ultrasonography. The contents of the cysts were hypocellular and did not contain infectious or neoplastic cells. Following the re-examination of the patient after 30 days, the clinical and hematological parameters were notably improved. Therefore, aspiration of cysts guided by ultrasonography can be beneficial in alleviating some of the complications of polycystic kidney disease and improving the life quality of affected cats. However, it may be temporary, and this method needs to be repeated periodically.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Azargoun, R., Hashemi-Asl, S. M., & Asri-Rezaei, S. (2024). Management of polycystic kidney disease by ultrasound-guided percutaneous aspiration in a cat. Veterinarski Glasnik, 78(1), 93–100.
Case Report


Adamama-Moraitou K. K., Pardali D., Vafiadis I., Patsikas M. N., Prassinos N. N. 2017. Perinephric pseudocyst in a cat: management by ultrasound-guided drainage. Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society, 68(2):245-250. DOI: 10.12681/jhvms.15612.

Akinci D., Akhan O., Ozmen M., Gumus B., Ozkan O., Karcaaltincaba M., Cil B., Haliloglu M. 2005. Long-term results of single-session percutaneous drainage and ethanol sclerotherapy in simple renal cysts. European Journal of Radiology, 1;54(2):298-302. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2004.07.008.

Casteleijn N. F., Visser F. W., Drenth J. P., Gevers T. J., Groen G. J., Hogan M. C., Gansevoort R. T., DIPAK Consortium, Drenth J. P., de Fijter J. W., Gansevoort R. T. 2014. A stepwise approach for effective management of chronic pain in autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 1;29(suppl_4):iv142-153. DOI: 10.1093/ndt/gfu073.

Guerra J. M., Freitas M. F., Daniel A. G., Pellegrino A., Cardoso N. C., de Castro I., Onuchic L. F., Cogliati B. 2019. Age-based ultrasonographic criteria for diagnosis of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease in Persian cats. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 21(2):156-164. DOI: 10.1177/1098612X18764591.

Hamid A., Wani M. S., Thakur N., Wazir B. S., Shaheen F., Mir M. F. 2012. Percutaneous aspiration and single-session ethanol sclerotherapy for symptomatic simple renal cortical cysts. Turkish Journal of Urology, 1;38(3):149-153. DOI:10.5152/tud.2012.032.

Schirrer L., Marín-García P. J., Llobat L. 2021. Feline polycystic kidney disease: an update. Veterinary Sciences, 8(11):269. DOI: 10.3390/vetsci8110269.

Shao Q., Xu J., Adams T., Tao S., Cui Y., Shen H., Cao W., Xie J., Fan Y., Zhang Y., Huang M. 2013. Comparison of aspiration-sclerotherapy versus laparoscopic decortication in management of symptomatic simple renal cysts. Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology, 1;21(3):419-428. DOI: 10.3233/XST-130393.

Tavasolian P., Rajabioun M., Sedigh H. S., Azizzadeh M. 2018. Survey of polycystic kidney disease and other urinary tract abnormalities using ultrasonography in Persian and Persian related cats in Iran. Veterinary Research Forum, 9(2):99-103. DOI: 10.30466/VRF.2018.29956.

Van Dyck R., Fina C., Buresova E., Paepe D., De Wilde H., Daminet S. 2018. Successful management of a solitary simple renal cyst in a dog. Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift, 87(3):134-138. DOI: 10.21825/vdt.v87i3.16076.

Zatelli A., Bonfanti U., D’Ippolito P. 2005. Obstructive Renal Cyst in a Dog: Ultrasonography-Guided Treatment Using Puncture Aspiration and Injection with 95% Ethanol. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 19(2):252-254. DOI: 10.1892/0891-6640(2005)19<252:orciad>;2.

Zatelli A., D’Ippolito P., Bonfanti U., Zini E. 2007. Ultrasound-assisted drainage and alcoholization of hepatic and renal cysts: 22 cases. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 43(2):112-116. DOI: 10.5326/0430112.