Cyprinid fish farms in Vojvodina (North Serbia): two decades of changes
Main Article Content
Fish farming in Serbia takes place in cyprinid (carp) and salmonid (trout) fish farms that together account for over 95% of the total fish produced. Cyprinids are grown in warm water fish farms, and cold water farms are designed for trout. The great majority (97%) of cyprinid fish farms are located in Vojvodina, Serbia’s northern province. This paper examines how the traditional carp sector was developed during the recent 20-year period in Vojvodina, paying particular attention to the comparison of the number and condition of cyprinid fish farms in that interval according to the available sources. The comparison was made by comparing maps with data on fishponds from 1999 and 2021, and according to the data from the Statistical Office of Serbia. After the analysis of many data from other authors and our study, it is evident that there is a lot of room for improving the production of cyprinid fish in Vojvodina. This is especially because we noticed decreasing trends for two major parameters: the area of fishpond water surfaces in Serbia (from 7,190 ha to 6,299 ha), and the number of ponds in Vojvodina (from 72 to 60), from 1999 to 2021, respectively. On the contrary, the amount of fish produced has increased from 2,409 t in 2002 to 4,761 t in 2021. According to government planning documents, Serbia lacks a national strategy for development of aquaculture production in general, and especially of cyprinid fish species.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors retain copyright of the published papers and grant to the publisher the right to publish the article, to be cited as its original publisher in case of reuse, and to distribute it in all forms and media. Articles will be distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY 4.0).
Baltić M. Ž., Kilibarda, N., Dimitrijević M. 2009. Factors significant for the shelf-life of fish and selected fish products in retail. Meat Technology, 50(1-2): 166-176.
Bugarčić P. 2006. Artificial lakes fish ponds in Vojvodina. Researches Review of the Department of Geography, Tourism and Hotel Management, 35/2006: 13-25.
CLMS. 2021. Copernicus Land Monitoring Service, Available online: https://land.copernicus.eu/ (last accessed on 3 June 2022).
Čanak S., Perić V., Stefanov S., Badić M., Biočanin R. 2014. Organizational-economic models for assessment of economic effects of intensive carp production. EMoNT 2014, p.162.
GADM, 2012. Global Administrative Areas, GADM database of Global Administrative Areas, version 2.0. [online] URL: www.gadm.org.
FAO, 2022. The state of world fisheries and aquaculture. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
Horvath L., Tamas T., Seagrave C. 1992. Carp and pond fish culture. Second edition. Fishing News Books, a division of Blackwell Science Ltd. 1992.
Marković Z., Mitrović-Tutundžić X. 2003. Fish production. Foundation Andrejević, 1 – 137.
Marković Z., Dulić-Stojanović Z., Poleksić V., 2005. Semiintensive carp (Cyprinus carpio, L) production: Type of sustainable fishery. Contemporary agriculture, 54 (1-2), pp. 38-41.
Marković Z., Poleksić V. 2009a. Fishery in Serbia, Prof. dr Zoran Markovic, pp 266.
Marković Z., Poleksić V., Živić I., Stankovic M., Ćuk D., Spasić M., Dulić Z., Rašković, B., Ćirić, M., Bošković D., Vukojević D. 2009b. State of the art of fishery in Serbia. In International Conference Fishery, 4, Beograd-Zemun (Serbia), 27-29 May 2009. Agriculture Faculty, University of Belgrade.
Marković Z., Stanković M., Dulić Z., Živić I., Rašković B., Spasić M., Poleksić, V. 2011. Aquaculture and fishery in Serbia–Status and potentials. V International conference “Aquaculture & Fishery” - Conference proceedings, Zemun – Belgrade (Serbia), 1 – 3. June 2011, Agriculture Faculty, University of Belgrade.
Martinovska-Stoycheska A., Janeska-Stamenkovska I., Marković T. and Kokot Ž., 2017. Profitability of carp production in Macedonia and Serbia. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 33(1), pp.103-113.
Rajić Z., Vignjević-Đorđević N., Čanak S., 2016. Production and economic results of intensive carp (Cyprinus Carpio) farming in Serbia. Economics of Agriculture, 63(4), pp.1445-1458.
Statistical Yearbook. 2021. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 2021. Agriculture, forestry and fishery, Fishery, Aquaculture. https://data.stat.gov.rs/Home/Result/13030102?languageCode=en-US, Last retrieved on 03.06.2022.